Song of Solomon – Chapter 8

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Verse 1 – Oh, that you were like my brother, who nursed at my mother’s breasts! If I should find you outside, I would kiss you; I would not be despised.

In the ancient Near East, it was improper to show public affection except between family members. The girl is wishing that she could freely show affection to her lover, even in public.

Verse 2 – I would lead you and bring you into the house of my mother, she who used to instruct me. I would cause you to drink of spiced wine, of the juice of my pomegranate.

Verse 3 – (To the daughters of Jerusalem) His left hand is under my head, and his right hand embraces me.

Verse 4 – I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, do not stir up nor awaken love until it pleases.

Being cautious in love is important, but when the time is appropriate, don’t let its joy pass you by.

Verse 5 – (The Homecoming) Who is this coming up from the wilderness, leaning upon her beloved? I awakened you under the apple tree. There your mother brought you forth; there she bore you and brought you forth.

Verse 6 – Set me as a seal upon your heart, as a seal upon your arm; for love is as strong as death, jealousy as cruel as the grave; its flames are flames of fire, a most vehement flame.

Verse 7 – Many waters cannot quench love, nor can the floods drown it. If a man would give for love all the wealth of his house, it would be utterly despised.

In these final words, Shulamite describes love’s significant characteristics. Love is stronger than death; it cannot be killed by time or disaster; and it cannot be bought for any price because it is freely given.

Verse 8 – (The Shulamite’s Brothers) We have a little sister, and she has no breasts. What shall we do for our sister in the day when she is spoken for?

Verse 9 – If she is a wall, we will build upon her a battlement of silver; and if she is a door, we will enclose her with boards of cedar.

Shulamite is reflecting on the past, when she was younger and under the care of her brothers, who wondered how to prepare her for marriage.

Verse 10 – I am a wall and my breasts like towers; then I became in his eyes as one who found peace.

Verse 11 – Solomon had a vineyard at Baal Harmon; he leased the vineyard to keepers; everyone was to bring for its fruit a thousand prices of silver.

Verse 12 – My own vineyard is before me. You, O Solomon, may have a thousand and those who keep its fruit two hundred.

Verse 13 – You who dwell in the gardens, the companions listen for your voice – let me hear it!

Verse 14 – Make haste, my beloved, and be like a gazelle or a young stag on the mountains of spices.

Devotion and commitment were the keys to their relationship. The faithfulness of our marital love should reflect God’s perfect faithfulness to us.

Paul shows how marriage represents Christ’s relationship to his church (Ephesians 5:22-33), and John pictures the second coming as a great marriage feast for Christ and His bride (Revelation 19:7, 8; 21:1, 2). An all committed marriage, reflects God’s love for us.

Song of Solomon – Chapter 7

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Verse 1 – How beautiful are your feet in sandals, O prince’s daughter! The curves of your thighs are like jewels, the work of the hands of a skillful workman.

Verse 2 – Your navel is a rounded goblet which lacks no blend beverage. Your waist is a heap of wheat set about with lilies.

Verse 3 – Your two breasts are like two fawns, twins of a gazelle.

Verse 4 – Your neck is like an ivory tower, your eyes like the pools in Heshbon by the gate of Bath Rabbim. Your nose is like the tower of Lebanon which looks toward Damascus.

Heshbon was the ancient capital of Amorites. Bath Rabbim may have been a gate at Heshbon.

Verse 5 – Your head crowns you like Mount Carmel, and the hair of your head is like purple; the king is held captive by its tresses.

Verse 6 – How fair and how pleasant you are, O love, with your delights!

Verse 7 – This stature of yours is like a palm tree, and your breast like its clusters.

Verse 8 – I said, “I will go up to the palm tree, I will take hold of its branches.” Let now your breasts be like clusters of the vine, the fragrance of your breath like apples,

Verse 9 – and the roof of your mouth like the best wine. The wine goes down smoothly for my beloved, moving gently the lips of sleepers.

So far, Solomon has compared every part of his wife’s features with; goats, mountains, ponds, grapes, lilies, and now palm trees.

Verse 10 – I am  my beloved’s and his desire is toward me.

Verse 11 – Come, my beloved, let us go forth to the field; let us lodge in the villages.

Verse 12 – Let us get up early to the vineyards; let us see if the vine has budded, whether the grape blossoms are open, and the pomegranates are in bloom. There I will give you my love.

Verse 13 – The mandrake’s give off a fragrance, and at our gates are pleasant fruits, all manner, new and old, which I have laid up for you my beloved.

Solomon would rise early every morning, and would leave his bride to sleep. He would command her companions not to disturb her. Here the bride accompanies her spouse to the country and spends the night at the country house.

Song of Solomon – Chapter 6

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Verse 1 – (The daughters of Jerusalem) Where has your beloved gone? Where has your beloved turned aside, that we may seek him with you?

Verse 2 – My beloved has gone to his garden, to the bed of spices, to feed his flock in the gardens, and to gather lilies.

It sounds like she knows he has gone to his other wives and concubines.

Verse 3 – I am my beloved’s and my beloved is mine. He feeds his flocks among the lilies.

It is only in marriage that we realize complete union of mind, heart, and body.

Verse 4 – (Solomon addresses his bride) O my love, you are as beautiful as Tirzah (Tirzah’s name means “pleasure” or “beauty”. It was a city 35 miles northeast of Jerusalem), lovely as Jerusalem, awesome as an army with banners!

Verse 5 – Turn your eyes away from me, for they have overcome me, your hair is like a flock of goats going down from Gilead.

Verse 6 – Your teeth are like a flock of sheep which have come up from washing; everyone bears twins, and none is barren among them.

Verse 7 – Like a piece of pomegranate are your temples behind your veil.

Verse 8 – There are sixty queens and eighty concubines, and my perfect one, is the only one, the only one of her mother, the favorite of the one who bore her. The daughters saw her and called her blessed, the queens and the concubines, and they praised her.

In other words: Even though I have many wives and concubines, my love for you has not diminished since our wedding night. (Try to get by with that line today.)

Verse 10 – Who is she who looks forth as the morning, fair as the moon, clear as the sun, awesome as an army with banners?

Verse 11 – I went down to the garden of nuts to see the verdure of the valley, to see whether the vine had budded and the pomegranates had bloomed.

Verse 12 – Before I was even aware, my soul had made me as the chariots of my noble people.

Verse 13 – Return, return, O Shulamite: return, return, that we may look upon you!

Verse 14 – What would you see in the Shulamite – as it were, the dance of the double camp?

Sometimes, even after research , I’m baffled as to what they both are talking about. The only thing I can figure out is maybe his bride had withdrawn herself because he had went to his other wives. Your guess is as good as mine to what either of these two really meant. We only have two more chapters, so hang in there.

Song of Solomon – Chapter 5

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Verse 1 – I have come to my garden, my sister, my spouse; I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey; I have drunk my wine with my milk. Eat, O friends! Drink, yes, drink deeply, O beloved ones!

Solomon tells his bride that, “All pleases me in thee, there is nothing to despise or cast away.” Then he tells his friends to celebrate.

Verse 2 – (The Shulamite) I sleep, but my heart is awake; it is the voice of my beloved! He knocks saying, “Open for me sister, my love, my dove, my perfect one; for my head is covered with dew, my locks with the drops of night.”

When the Shulamite says, I sleep, but my heart is awake”, it’s another dream.

Verse 3 – I have taken off my robe; how can I put it on again? I have washed my feet; how can I defile them?

Verse 4 – My beloved put his hand by the latch of the door, and my heart yearned for him.

Verse 5 – I arose to open for my beloved, and my hands dripped with myrrh, my fingers with liquid myrrh, on the handles of the lock.

Verse 6 – I opened for my beloved, but my beloved had turned away and was gone. My heart went out to him when he spoke. I sought him, but I could not find him; I called him, but he gave me no answer.

Verse 7 – The watchmen who went about the city found me. They struck me, they wounded me; the keepers of the walls took my veil away from me.

This image symbolizes the pain she felt at being separated from her lover.

Verse 8 – I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if you find my beloved, that you tell him I am lovesick!

Verse 9 – (The daughters of Jerusalem) What is your beloved more than another beloved, O fairest among women? What is your beloved more than another beloved, that you so charge us?

Verse 10 – My beloved is white and ruddy, chief among ten thousand.

Verse 11 – His head is like the finest gold; his locks are wavy, and back as raven.

Verse 12 – His eyes are like doves by the rivers waters, washed with milk, and fitly set.

Verse 13 – His cheeks are like a bed of spices, like banks of scented herbs. His lips are lilies, dripping liquid myrrh.

Verse 14 – His hands are rods of gold set with beryl (a precious stone). His body is carved ivory inlaid with sapphires.

Verse 15 – His legs are pillars of marble set on bases of fine gold. His countenance is like Lebanon, excellent as the cedars.

Verse 16 – His mouth is most sweet, yes, he is altogether lovely. This is my beloved. And this is my friend, O daughters of Jerusalem!

The Shulamite calls Solomon “her friend.” In a healthy marriage a spouse should be our “best friend.” That should be developed by listening to one another sharing likes and dislikes. Too often people rush into a relationship due to passion before developing that friendship relationship.

Son of Solomon – Chapter 4

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The Brides Beauty is Praised

Verse 1 – Behold, you are fair, my love! Behold, you are fair! You have dove’s yes behind your veil. Your hair is like a flock of goats, going down from Mount Gilead.

Verse 2 – Your teeth are like a flock of shorn sheep which have come up from washing, every one which bears twins, and none is barren among them.

These two verse made me laugh. We have to keep in mind that this is a different culture and time than ours. Can you imagine your husband on your wedding night telling you “Your hair is like a flock of goats?” Or complimenting you on your teeth, because none are missing? I’m not making fun, just thought it was humorous.

Verse 3 – Your lips are like a strand of scarlet, and your mouth is lovely. Your temples behind your veil are like a piece of pomegranate.

Verse 4 – Your neck is the tower of David, built for an armory, on which hang a thousand bucklers, all shields of mighty men.

Verse 5 – Your breasts are like two fawns, twins of a gazelle, which feed among the lilies.

Verse 6 – Until the day breaks and the shadows flee away, I will go my way to the mountain of myrrh and to the hill of frankincense.

Verse 7 – You are fair, my love, and there is no spot in you.

Verse 8 – Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon. Look from the top of Amana, from the top of Senir and Hermon, from the lion’s den, from the mountains of the leopards.

Solomon is saying Shulamite has no imperfections. Both inward and outward, she is perfect. He is praising both her beauty and character.

Verse 9 – You have ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse; you have ravished my heart with one look of your eyes, with one link of your necklace.

Verse 10 – How fair is your love, my sister, my spouse! How much better than wine is your love, and the scent of your perfume than all spices!

The phrase, “My sister, my spouse”, is implying, a bond as close as that of Adam and Eve.

Verse 11 – Your lips, O my spouse, drips as the honeycomb; honey and milk are under your tongue; and the fragrance of your garments is like the fragrance of Lebanon.

Verse 12 – A garden enclosed is my sister, my spouse, a spring shut up, a fountain sealed.

Solomon is referring to her virginity.

Verse 13 – Your plants are an orchard of pomegranates with pleasant fruits, fragrant henna with spikenard,

Verse 14 – Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense, myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices –

Verse 15 – A fountain of gardens, a well of living waters, and streams from Lebanon.

Verse 16 – Awake, O North wind, and come, O south! Blow up my garden that its spices may flow out. Let my beloved come to his garden and eat its pleasant fruits.

The bride’s brief reply, declaring her affection for the king and willingness to belong to only him.

Song of Solomon – Chapter 3

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The Bride’s Dream of Separation

Verse 1 – By night on my bed I sought the one I love; I sought him, but I did not find him.

Verse 2 – “I will rise now, ” I said, “And go about the city; in the streets and in the squares I will seek the one I love.” I sought him, but I did not find him.

Verse 3 – The watchmen who go about the city found me, to whom I said, “Have you seen the one I love?”

Verse 4 – Scarcely had I passed by them, when I found the one I love I held him and would not let him go, until I had brought him to the house of my mother, and into my chamber of her who conceived me.

“Into my mother’s house”, is referring to: Women in the east have all separate apartments, into which no person attempts to enter except the husband. Isaac brought Rebecca into his mother’s tent, when he made her his wife.

Many scholars agree that these verse was recalling a dream that caused her to be concerned of the whereabouts of her husband.

Verse 5 – I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles or by the does of the field, do not stir up nor awaken love until it pleases.

Verse 6 – Who is this coming out of the wilderness like pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all the merchant’s fragrant powders?

Verse 7 – Behold, it is Solomon’s couch with sixty valiant men around it, of the valiant of Israel.

Theses were the guards about the pavilion of the bridegroom as they wait for the bride to appear.

Verse 8 – They all hold swords, being expert in war. Every man has his sword on his thigh because of fear in the night.

Verse 9 – Of the wood of Lebanon Solomon the king made himself a palanquins (a portable chair):

Verse 10 – He made its pillars of silver, its support of gold, its seat of purple, its interior paved with love by the daughters of Jerusalem.

Verse 11 – Go forth, O daughters of Zion, and see King Solomon with the crown with which his mother crowned him on the day of his espousal’s, the day of the gladness of his heart.

These verses described the wedding procession. The bride is accompanied by the daughter’s of Jerusalem. “In the day of his gladness” is when all Solomon’s wishes were crowned, including being married to the one whom he loved above all the rest.

Song of Solomon – Chapter 2

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Verse 1 – I am the rose of Sharon, and the lily of the valleys.

Maybe because these two flowers were common in Israel, the girl was saying, “I’m not special.”

Verse 2 – Like a lily among thorns, so is my love among daughters.

Verse 3 – Like an apple tree among the trees of the woods, so is my beloved among the sons. I sat down in the shade with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.

Verse 4 – (Now the Shulamite is talking to the daughters of Jerusalem.) He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love.

Verse 5 – Sustain me with cakes of raisins, refresh me with apples, for I am lovesick.

Solomon took her to a room of wine, not in barrels or a dark cellar, but the wine was in large pitchers in an upper apartment.

Verse 6 – His left hand is under my head, and his right hand embraces me.

Verse 7 – I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, by the gazelles or by the does of the field, do not stir up nor awaken love until it pleases.

She is basically saying that the feeling of love can overpower reasoning. Feelings alone are not enough to support a lasting relationship.

Verse 8 – The voice of my beloved! Behold, he comes leaping upon the mountains, skipping upon the hills.

Verse 9 – My beloved is like a gazelle or a young stag. Behold, he stands behind our wall; he is looking through the windows, gazing through the lattice.

Verse 10 – My beloved spoke, and said to me: “Rise up , my love, my fair one, and come away.

Verse 11 – For lo, the winter is past, the rain is over and gone.

Verse 12 – The flowers appear on the earth; the time of singing has come, and the voice of the turtle-dove is heard in the land.”

Verse 13 – The fig tree puts forth her green figs, and the vines with the tender grapes give a good smell. Rise up, my love, my fair one, and come away!

Verse 14 – “O my dove, in the clefts of the rock, in the secret places of the cliff, let me see your countenance, let me hear your voice; for your voice is sweet, and your countenance is lovely.”

Verse 15 – Catch us the foxes, the little foxes that spoil the vines, for our vines have tender grapes.

These “little foxes” could be any problem that disturb or that destroy’s a relationship. Perhaps her brothers who had sent her out to the vineyards to work were causing problems between her and the king.

Verse 16 – My beloved is mine, and I am his. He feeds his flock among the lilies.

Verse 17 – Until the day breaks and the shadows flee away, turn, my beloved, and be like a gazelle or a young stag upon the mountains of Bether.

And with this chapter, their second night together seems to end.

The Song of Solomon – Chapter 1

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Introduction: The Song of Solomon is a love song written by Solomon. Allegorically, it pictures Israel as God’s espoused bride (Hosea 2:19, 20), and the Church as the bride of Christ.

The book is arranged like scenes in a drama with three main speakers; the bride (Shulamite), the king (Solomon), and a chorus (the daughters of Jerusalem). The king by this time, had sixty queens and eighty concubines (6:8). Solomon’s harem at its fullest extent reached seven hundred queens and three hundred concubines (1 Kings 11:3).

The song was written primarily from the point of view of the Shulamite, but Solomon was the author.

The majority of Solomon’s marriages were political arrangements. This book was also written before Solomon plunged into gross immorality and idolatry. The Shulamite addresses the king as “My beloved” and the king addresses his bride as “My love.”

Verse 1 – The song of songs, which is Solomon’s.

Verse 2 (The Shulamite) Let him kiss me with the kisses of his mouth – for your love is better than wine.

Verse 3 – Because of the fragrance of your good ointments, your name is ointment poured forth; therefore the virgins love you.

Verse 4 – Lead me away! ( The daughters of Jerusalem) We will run after you. (The Shulamite) The king has brought me into his chambers. We will be glad and rejoice in you. We will remember your love more than wine. Rightly do they love.

Solomon’s attractive qualities are apparent to others, and are not mere fantasies of infatuation.

Verse 5 – I am dark, but lovely, O daughters of Jerusalem, like the tents of Kedar, like the curtains of Solomon.

Verse 6 – Do not look upon me, because I am dark, because the sun has tanned me. My mother’s sons were angry with me; they made me the keeper of the vineyards, but my own vineyard I have not kept.

Shulamite explained her dark skin was the result of her brothers making her tend the vineyards outside in the sun. Later we find out that the vineyard is leased from Solomon. When she refers to “her own vineyard,” she’s talking about her skin. When she is brought to Jerusalem, the young girl was embarrassed about her tan. However, Solomon loved her dark skin.

Verse 7 – Tell me, O you whom I love, where you feed your flock, where you make it rest at noon. For why should I be as one who veils herself by the flocks of your companions?

Verse 8 – If you do not know, O fairest among women, follow in the footsteps of the flock, and feed your little goats beside the shepherds tents.

The chorus, not the king, are the speakers here. The meaning seems to be: If the beloved is a shepherd, then seek him among other shepherds, but if he is a king, you will find him in his royal dwelling.

Verse 9 – I have compared you, my love, to my filly among Pharaoh’s chariots.

Verse 10 – Your cheeks are lovely with ornaments, your neck with chains of gold.

Archaeological drawings show jewels decorating the bridles of horses.

Verse 11 – We will make you ornaments of gold with studs of silver.

Verse 12 – While the king is at his table, my spikenard (spikenard is a very expensive spice which comes from a rare plant and is blended with olive oil for anointing acts of consecration, dedication, and worship.) sends forth its fragrance.

Verse 13 – A bundle of myrrh is my beloved to me, that lies all night between my breasts.

Verse 14 – My beloved is to me a cluster of henna blooms in the vineyards of En Gedi.

En Gedi was an oasis hidden at the base of rugged limestone cliffs west of the Dead Sea. It was known for its fruitful palm trees and fragrant balsam oil. The girl was complimenting Solomon’s looks, saying that he stood out among all men.

Verse 15 – Behold, you are fair, my love! Behold, you are fair! You have dove eyes.

Verse 16 – (Now the Shulamite is talking) Behold, you are handsome, my beloved! Yes, pleasant! Also our bed is green.

Verse 17 – The beams of our house are cedar, and our rafters of fir.

She is describing their woodland surroundings as a wedding bedroom. Dove eyes, which are mild and harmless and faithful. By describing her eyes, Solomon seems to be describing both her outward behavior, and the inward disposition of her mind.

The green bed is probably describing a bank, on which they sat down on while walking in the country. They were outside, falling in love, saying mushy stuff to each other.